The Ultimate Guide to Bearish Engulfing Candlestick Patterns

Last updated: January 4, 2024

Bearish Engulfing Pattern

Engulfing patterns are made up of multiple candles, and are aptly named as one candle "engulfs" the previous candles. There are bullish and bearish equivalents to this pattern. A bearish candle "engulfs" the body of the previous bullish candle:


The bodies of the engulfing candles completely overlap the bodies of the prior candles, showing that the opposing party (bears vs bulls) has regained market dominance for the time being.


General Identification & Interpretation

Steve Nison is credited with bringing Japanese candlestick charting to the West. In his book "Japanese Candlestick Charting Techniques" he describes bearish engulfing patterns with the following characteristics:

Typical characteristics

Examples of use as a trading indicator

Other interpretations

More for beginners

Check out our quick start guide to candlestick charting for more information if you are new to candlestick charting!